This is a selected bibliography of resources we've used during this project. We are always open to new resources that become available--just tell us about them, using Contact Us.

“A gem in jeopardy.” (26 May 2008). Richmond Times Dispatch. Accessed on 1/19/2016 at 

“Amazon-stone.” (1911). Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 5/1/2017 from 
“Amazonite.” (2017). GeoGallery. Catalog #NMNH G4092-00. Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 5/19/2017 from 
“Amelia mine is the center of interest for rock hounds from throughout the world, S. V. Moorefield has discovered.”(1957). The Farmville Herald. December 13, 1957.
“Andradite.” (2017). Mindat. Retrieved 4/15/2017 from￾99002.html
“Blessed giving.” Christian broadcasting network. Retrieved 4/13/2017 from 
Boulanger, Aimee and Alexandra Gorman. (2004). Hardrock mining: risks to community health. 
MiningHealthReport_WVE1 risks.pdfgoo
Brown, William Randall, 1962, Mica and feldspar deposits of Virginia: Virginia Division of Mineral 
Resources Report 3, 195 p.
Brown, D. L. and W. E. Wilson; Levinson, A. A. , ed. (2001). “The Rist and Ellis tracts, Hiddenite, 
North Carolina.” Mineralogical Record, Vol. 32, No. 2, 2001. Retrieved 5/5/2017 from 
Bryan, Alix. (2016). “Man finds ‘Big Daddy’ garnet in Amelia worth over $10,000.” WTVR Channel 
6 news. September 1, 2016. Retrieved 5/9/2017 from 
Catlos, E. J., & Miller, N. R. (2016). Ion microprobe 208Th-208Pb ages from high common Pb monazite, Morefield Mine, Amelia County, Virginia: Implications for Alleghanian tectonics. American Journal of Science, 316(5), 470-503.
Chapman, Rob. “Going in the hole.” The Farmville (VA) Herald. Friday, August 3, 1990.
“Chatoyant.” (2017). Google. Retrieved 5/11/2017 from 
Comparison of Annually Reported Tonnage Data, Division of Mineral Mining REPORT TNPR.06, 
Dawson, Timothy. (2010). “Changing colors: now you see them, now you don't.” Coloration 
Technology 2010 doi:10.1111/j.1478-4408.2010.00247.x
“Disaster from Space.” (2017). United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 5/8/2017 from 
Dunaway, Sam. “Amazing amazonite addendum.” (October 2016). Rock & gem. Accessed on 5/8/2017 from￾MAGAZINES/Rock%20&%20Gem%20-%20October%202016.pdf
De Terra, Helmut. Humboldt: the life and times of Alexander Von Humboldt 1769-1859. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. Retrieved 4/10/2017 from 
D’Orso, Mike. No stone unturned. The Ledger-Star. Friday, September 23, 1988.
Duresky, Scott. Rutherford Mine [title tbd]. (2016). Presentation delivered at the Richmond Gem 
and Mineral Society.
Fagotto, Matteo. “The mineral sourced from illegal mines that powers your electronics.” Wired. 28 August 2015. Retrieved 5/4/2017 from￾mining-india
Fontaine, William Morris. Notes on the occurrence of certain minerals in Amelia County, 
Virginia. The American Journal of Science, May 1883 Series 3 Vol. 25:330-339. Retrieved 
5/4/2017 from 
Geehan, Robert W. (1940). Guide to the Robert Geehan papers 1933-1940. Retrieved 4/13/2017 
Geehan, Robert W. (1953). Morefield Pegmatite Mine, Amelia County, Virginia, published by the 
United States Department of the Interior. ASIN: B0007HW7Q6
Giannini, William F., and Sweet, Palmer C., 1991, Tantalian and Niobian resources in Virginia: 
Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Publication 115, 28 pages.
Glass, Jewell Jeannette. (1935). “The pegmatite minerals from Amelia, Virginia.” The American Mineralogist. Vol. 20, No. 11. November 1935.
“Google Custom Map.” (2017). Retrieved 5/9/2017 from
Grey, Emily. (2001). Dig this! Cooperative Living. Accessed on 1/19/2016 at￾
Grier, Dick Jr. (1994). The Rutherford Mines. Dated February 12, 1994. Retrieved 4/11/2017 from
Head, J. A. and L. E. Kearns. (1999). The chemical variation of zinnwaldite (a lithiuim iron mica) 
from the Morefield pegmatite, Amelia, Virginia. From the Proceedings of the Sixteenth Technical Session of the Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, 16 April 1999.
“History.” (2017). Morefield gem mine. Retrieved 4/11/2017, from
Huizing, Marie. (2013). “Museum Notes.” July-August 2013. Retrieved 5/11/2017 from 
“Idar-Oberstein.” (2017). Wikipedia. Retrieved 5/1/2017 from 
“Jewell Jeannette Glass.” The American Mineralogist Vol. 54, May-June, p. 683. Retrieved 
Kass-Simon, G; Nash, D. and Fames, P. (1993). Women of Science: Righting the Record.
Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Kearns, Lance E. (1995), Alumino-fluorides from the Morefield pegmatite, Amelia County, 
Virginia. Mineralogical Record: 26(6): 551-556.
Kearns, Lance E. (1993), Minerals of the Morefield Pegmatite, Amelia County, Virginia. Rocks & 
Minerals: 68(4): 232-242.
Kearns, Lance E., 1992, Prosopite from the Morefield Mine, Amelia County, Virginia: Virginia 
Minerals vol. 38, no. 2, p. 14-15.
Kearns, Lance E., 1992, Pyromorphite from the Morefield Mine, Amelia County, Virginia: Virginia 
Minerals vol. 38, no. 2, p. 14.
Kearns, Lance E., and Martin, Betsy S., 2000, The Morefield Pegmatite, Amelia, Virginia. Mineral 
Update: Virginia Minerals vol. 46, no. 2, p. 9-13
Lemke, Richard W. Cross section of the Morefield mine, showing mineral distribution in 
pegmatite. (1944). In the collection of Stanford Earth Sciences Library (Branner). Retrieved 5/7/2017 from
Lemke, Richard W. (1952). Mica deposits of the southeastern Piedmont. Geological Survey 
Professional Paper 248-C. Department of the Interior. Retrieved 5/10/2017 from 
Lines, Dave. “Silas and Sam would have been great friends.”
Trip Report, The Southern Maryland 
Rock & Mineral Club and The Clearwater Lapidary Club. 21 November 2009. Retrieved 5/4/2017 from
“Morefield Mine (Morefield pegmatite), Winterham, Amelia Co., Virginia, USA.” Retrieved on 4/17/2017 from
Morefield, S. V. Letter to the Editor, Rocks & Minerals: 8:143-144. No. 29. September 1922. 
Morefield, Silas. “To the editor of R&M.” Rocks & Minerals (1933): 8: 143-144.
Nalewicki, Jennifer. (2016). Finders, keepers: five of the best places to go gem hunting in the 
U.S. From diamonds to emeralds, the united states is full of buried bling. September 28, 2016. Retrieved 4/13/2017 from 
“Napoleon Diamond Necklace.” Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Retrieved on 
5/2/2017 from
About 2016 Morefield Mine article - “National Friends of Minerology best article of the year 
awards for 2016, The” Bulletin of Friends of Minerology. 47 (2): 4. Retrieved on 11/12/2017 from￾content/uploads/2017/10/2017_Apr.pdf
“Neosilicate mineral Zircon.” (2017). Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. 
Retrieved 5/10/2017 from 
O’Neill, K. A.; Nowak, B. A.; Johnson, C. B.; Kearns, L. E. (1996), Contributed Papers in Specimen 
Mineralogy: 22nd Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Mineral Chemistry of Micas and Amazonite: The Morefield Pegmatite, Amelia, Virginia. Rocks & Minerals: 71(3): 198-
“Orthoclase.” (2017). Retrieved 4/15/2017 from
Ostrooumov, Mikhail. (2016). Amazonite: Mineralogy, Crystal Chemistry, and Typomorphism. 
Waltham, MA: Elsevier.
“Paragensis.” (2017). Google. Retrieved 4/16/2017 from￾instant&rlz=1C1CHZL_enUS685US685&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=paragenesis
Pegau, Arthur A. (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33. 
Pegau, Arthur A. (1928) The Rutherford Mines, Amelia County, Virginia. Virginia Geological 
Survey; Bulletin 33. 
Penick, D. Allen, Jr. (1985): Virginia Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals: 60(4): 165.
Penick, Jr., D. Allen, and Giannini, William F., 1992, Large spessartine garnet discovery: Virginia 
Minerals vol. 38, no. 2, p. 15-16.
Penick, Jr., D. Allen, and Sweet, Palmer C., 1992, Mineral Collecting Sites in Virginia: Virginia 
Minerals vol. 38, no. 2, p. 9-12.
Penick, Jr., D. Allen. (1992). Gemstones and decorative-ornamental stones of Virginia: Virginia 
Minerals vol. 38, no. 3, p. 9-12. Retrieved 4/12/2017, from 
“Perthite; Synonyms: perthitic texture.” (2017). Imperial College Rock Library, London. Retrieved 
4/16/2017, from 
“Phlogopite.” (2017). Mindat. Retrieved 4/15/2017 from￾98999.html
Pough, Frederick H. (1953). A field guide to rocks and minerals. New York: Houghton Mifflin 
“Pyrolusite.” (2017). Mindat. Retrieved 4/15/2017 from￾153156.html
Richards, R.; L. Kearns and W. Cook. “Morphology of chiolite twins from the Morefield Mine, Amelia County, Virginia.” The Canadian Mineralogist. Vol.36, pp. 1009-1015 (1998). 
Saffir, Barbara J. (2002). “Rocking out.” The Washington Post. October 11, 2002. Retrieved 4/15/2017 from￾225f-494e-b111-e3fbb30937fe/?utm_term=.7a84cad2a96b
“Sam Dunaway, owner of Morefield Gem Mine, was recognized for 48 years of safely mining 
Amazonite. Virginia Department of Mines. Retrieved 5/9/2017 from
Sapakoff, [no initial]. (1995). “Morefield Mine.” Mineral resources on-line spatial data. United 
States Geological Survey. Retrieved 5/10/2017 from 
Schabilion, Robert J. (2009). Down the Crabtree. Bloomington: AuthorHouse.
“Search the Department of Mineral Sciences collections.” Smithsonian National Museum of 
Natural History. Retrieved 5/2/2017 from 
Sinkankas, John, 1959. Gemstones of North America, vol. 1, p.97.
Sinkankas, John. (1968). Classic mineral occurrences: I. geology and mineralogy of the Rutherford Pegmatites, Amelia, Virginia. Vol. 53, March-April. Retrieved 5/1/2017 from 
Smerekanicz, John R., Dudas, Francis O., and Baltzely, William D., 1991, Strengite, a new mineral 
from the Morefield pegmatite mine, Amelia County, Virginia: Virginia Minerals vol. 37, no. 4, p. 31-32.
“Society page.” Nevada Reno Gazette-Journal. Page 12. Wednesday, April 10, 1946, p. 12.
Speer, Wade E. Fieldtrip guidebook: Hiddenite district Alexander Co, NC. April 2008. The Geological Society of America: Southeastern Section. 57th annual meeting. Marion: 
Speer Minerals Inc. Retrieved 5/5/2017 from 
“State of Virginia, County of Amelia, Lease Agreement.” March 1, 1989. Retrieved 5/3/2017 
Sweet, Palmer C.; Geitgey and Vogt, ed. (1990). “1990 forum on the geology of industrial 
minerals: Virginia.” Industrial rocks and minerals of the Pacific Northwest. Portland: State of Oregon. Retrieved 5/5/2017 from￾23.pdf
Sweet, Palmer C. (1999). Vein quartz in Virginia: Virginia Minerals vol. 45, no. 3, p. 23.
Sweet, P.C., Good, R. S., Lovett, J. A., Campbell, E. V. M., Wilkes, G. P., and Meyers, L. L., 1989, Copper, lead, and zinc resources in Virginia: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Publication 93, 185 p.
Sweet, P.C. and Penick, D.A., Jr. (1986). Morefield Pegmatite Mine Reopens - Virginia's only Active Underground Gem Mine. Virginia Minerals. Vol. 32, No. 2. May 1986. Pp. 13-18. Retrieved 4/28/2017 from 
“Free Download”).
“Tantalum.” (2017). Morefield Gem Mine. Retrieved 4/11/2017, from
“Two restaurants.” (n.d. c1964). Smyth County News. Issue 47. Via Virginia Center for Digital History at University of Virginia. Retrieved 5/5/2017 from 
Virginia Minerals, Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, Charlottesville, Virginia: 32(2).
Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Report 3, Charlottesville, Virginia: 59-60, 61-94.
Virginia Geologic Survey Bulletin 33. Virginia Minerals, Vol. 46.
The dynamic earth: Morefield Mine. (n.d.). Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. 
U.S. Geological Survey data links, Retrieved from 
USGS Bulletin 248B (1952).
Brown, W.R. (1962) Mica and Feldspar Deposits of Virginia.
Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, 1993, Geologic Map of Virginia: Virginia Division of 
Mineral Resources, scale 1:500,000.
Walden, Geoffrey R. (2000). “Hermann Göring's House.” Third reich in ruins. 20 July 2000. 
Wawrzyn, Heidemarie. (2017). Destroyed German synagogues and communities: Idar-Oberstein. 
Retrieved 5/1/2017 from￾communities?pid=67&sid=694:idar-oberstein
“Who is Glenn Lehrer?” (2016). Gemology Hub. 19 December 2016. Retrieved 5/1/2017 from 
Willett, Jason C. “Mica.” (2016). US Geological Survey. Retrieved 5/4/2017 from 
Wobus, R. A. (1976.) “New data on potassic and sodic plutons of the Pikes Peak Batholith 
central Colorado.” Studies in Colorado Field Geology, ed. by R. C. Epis and R.
Woody, J. (2013). A Natural Love Affair in the Library. Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden. Retrieved